Each gestation phase requires its own feeding strategy
During gestation, feeding programs should be adjusted to guarantee body reserves recover and also that quality litters develop. To achieve these goals, each of the three stages of gestation should be the object of careful management, as follows:
- During the 1st month: the aim is to optimise uterine implantation and recover body reserves
- During the 2nd month: the aim is to cover maintenance requirements
- During the 3rd month: the aim is to maximise litter growth
The challenge is to meet sow’s needs throughout gestation, both in terms of quantity and quality of feed, while still taking into account the economic aspects.
The performance and breeding longevity of sows in the group therefore requires a special feeding strategy. Sows’ nutritional needs depend on several parameters:
- body condition
- production level
Each sow is different; its diet must be adjusted so that nutrients intake can satisfy its needs and the targets set upon farrowing are reached.
How can the nutritional needs of gestating sows be taken into account?
- Feed design, nutrients intake: it is important to ensure that gestative requirements are satisfied at each stage of gestation: optimisation of fertility, recovering of body reserves, litter growth. In addition, other precautions must be taken such as management of the locomotor system (hooves scoring grid, specific micronutrient strategy ...) and the supply of fibres sufficient both in quantity and quality.
- Individual requirements and adapted supplies: to achieve the targets related to body condition at farrowing, it is important that sows’ condition be considered at weaning as well as their rank, prolificacy ... These variables constitute the overall criteria of their individual requirements. Only when this basis is established can the allocated rations be adjusted, depending on the farming system that is applied. Using Precision Software is an effective way to offer solutions suited and optimised from a technical and economic standpoint – which is in fact, the primary and foremost concern of any farm.
Gilts are the future of any swine production system. Preparing these young animals to breeding from the onset is crucial to their longevity. Optimal feeding intakes are necessary to constitute their body reserves and develop their musculoskeletal system.
Other strategy parameters such as management of the atmosphere, soil condition etc. must also be considered. The list of actions is not exhaustive and may be adjusted depending on the characteristics of each farm. The points of vigilance can be identified by carrying out an audit with WEFEED Check. Our experts are here to help you achieve your goals! Please do not hesitate to contact us!