In aquaculture, both farming practices and environmental conditions subject shrimp to stressful situations that impact them strongly. These stressors (pollution, low level of oxygen, temperature variations, sorting and transfer, osmotic shock) can directly cause death or favor the development of opportunistic pathogens and mortal infections. As with all livestock species, the best way to reduce these impacts on farmed shrimp is by erecting a number of barriers so as to prevent the development of pathogens. In this respect, physical and sanitary barriers are the most effective means of prevention.
Given the lack of real specific immunity in shrimp, it is essential to resort as much as possible to the expression of their non-specific immunity.
Yet, a state of zero risk does not exist: aquaculture facilities are regularly contaminated by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. In this respect, certain substances with immunostimulatory effects can help prepare the shrimp’s body against the risk of disease outbreaks. The term "immunostimulant" generally encompasses all components that have demonstrated their ability to improve one or more measurable responses stemming from the shrimp’s nonspecific system. Immunostimulants aim to keep the immune system of shrimp alert by triggering a response from their non-specific immune system. In this respect, Βeta glucans and Manno-oligosaccharides (MOS) are particularly known to improve the resistance to bacterial and viral infections by activating the immune system and the function of phagocytic cells. Furthermore, antioxidants such as Vitamin C and Vitamin E can help increase stress resistance. Trace elements, such as selenium, also have anti-oxidant properties and can limit the effects of free radicals.
It is important to ensure that these immunostimulatory substances are provided in sufficient amounts through feed or directly in the context of rearing, especially during stressful or pivotal periods: sorting and transfer, osmotic shock, etc.
Would you like to find out more about stress management in shrimp and the available solutions to reduce its effects in farms? Thanks to its thorough knowledge of shrimp nutritional requirements, the Techna Group can provide you with support in conceiving and manufacturing your shrimp feed.
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