A study by the French Livestock Institute shows that a defined / controlled calving season allows farmers to obtain better results on C.I. and mortality. It is recommended to schedule the calving seasons so that animals can reach similar physiological stages (gestation, calving, lactation, reproduction...). Farmers can then have more time to focus on the herd.
How can calf mortality be reduced?
Each year, around 130,000 calves die due to various diseases such as stillbirths (deaths in the days following birth), respiratory issues and also digestive issues. The calf’s first hours of life are crucial in this regard. A farmer must be present to make sure that the calf is breathing, standing up and sucking at his mother. In addition, colostrum intake is essential. The calf must drink a minimum of 4 litres of colostrum in the first 12 hours of life (2 litres at birth + 2 litres in the day). Calf survival is directly linked to the amount of immunoglobulins (IgG) he ingests (a minimum of 350g). Therefore, it is essential to control the IgG concentration in colostrum with appropriate tools (colostrum scale, refractometer).
Sanitary conditions and vaccinations
The sanitary conditions in which calves are born are crucial to their survival. Calving must take place in dedicated, cleaned and disinfected pens after each use. Applying an efficient vaccination protocol can allow these animals to be protected from such diseases as BVD, salmonella and enterotoxaemia.
To help feed millers working with suckling farmers, Techna Group feed experts put forward a wide range of methods and solutions. Their aim is to support calves during peripartum and contribute to helping cows produce quality colostrum. Please get in touch with our experts!